Author: Jason Miller

Cerebral Cortex of Developing Human Brain Mapped Using High-Quality MRI Scan Data

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Scientists have successfully mapped the surface of the cerebral cortex of the young human brain in impressively high resolution. The mapping, done using high-quality magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, showed development in the key regions of the brain from two months before an individual’s birth to two months after it. Researchers believe that this achievement will likely aid future research on brain development and may serve as a new approach for studying brain development conditions like autism and schizophrenia. Cerebral cortex is a sheet of brain cells that wraps around the brain and is the most evolutionary and advanced region of the brain. It is larger in humans than any other mammal and is responsible for functions like language abilities, and abstract reasoning.

From the third trimester of pregnancy to the first two years of life, dynamic cortical development is witnessed. The cortex tends to get thick in this period and grows rapidly in terms of surface area by forming complex cortical folds. Researchers have linked disruptions in this cortical thickening and expansion to schizophrenia and autism. But, due to the lack of high-resolution mapping of this period, scientists have failed to gain a deeper understanding of this developmental stage in the fetal-to-toddler age range.

In the new study, researchers from the University of North Carolina Health Care collected a set of 1,037 high-quality MRIs of infants from the third trimester to the two years age interval. The scan data was then analysed by the team using computer-based image processing methods. With this, they divided the cortical surface into a virtual mesh having tiny circular areas and measured the surface expansion rate for each of these areas.

The team was able to define 18 distinct regions and found that they correlated well with their existing knowledge of the cortex’s functional organs. “All these regions show dramatic expansion in surface area during this developmental window, with each region having a distinct trajectory,” said Gang Li, PhD, associate professor of radiology at the UNC School of Medicine. Li is the senior author of the study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The map revealed that each region of the cortex had the same developmental path as its counterpart in the opposite hemisphere. In addition, the team could also spot sex differences in the development. As per Li, the mapping has given a new insight into the brain development.

Now, the team is aiming to cast the net wider and use the approach to study scan datasets of children with autism or other neurodevelopmental conditions.

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Facebook to Roll Out Major Updates to Horizon Worlds; More Details at Connect Event: Mark Zuckerberg Xiaomi NoteBook Pro 120G, Smart TV X Series to Launch in India on August 30: All Details

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Global Warming Triggered Reptile Boom Millions of Years Ago: Says Study

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Two of the largest mass extinction of species on Earth took place at the end of the Permian geologic period. Such was the magnitude that 86% of all the animal species were wiped out in the extinction that took place 252 million years ago. The event also marked the onset of a new era where the population of reptiles on land boomed rapidly. Scientists, so far, believed that the increase in the number of reptiles and their evolution was due to the extinction of their competitors. But, a new study indicates that global warming, rather than mass extinction was behind a boom in reptile population and diversity.

Researchers, from the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, have revealed that the evolution of reptiles began much earlier than previously thought.

“We found that these periods of the rapid evolution of reptiles were intimately connected to increasing temperatures. Some groups changed really fast and some less fast, but nearly all reptiles were evolving much faster than they ever had before,” said postdoctoral fellow Tiago R Simoes. He is also the lead author of the study published in Science Advances.

The team examined the early amniotes that represent the forerunners of all modern mammals like birds, reptiles, and their closest extinct relatives. They created a dataset using extensive first-hand data collection of over 1,000 fossil specimens from 125 species of synapsids, reptiles, and their close relatives during roughly 140 million years before the Permian-Triassic mass extinction. Following this, they analysed the data and tried to detect the origin of these species and the pace at which they evolved.

The new dataset was then compared with the global temperature data of millions of years ago in the geological record.

Researchers observed that the periods of fast climatic shifts and global warming were linked to the rapid anatomical change in most reptiles as they adapted to the changing environmental conditions.

The team also looked at the change in body size of the reptiles during this period. They noted that climatic pressure on the body was immensely high due to which there was a maximum body size for reptiles who could survive in the tropical regions during the hot period.

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Why Did Egyptians Make Sculptures? Simple Answer

Why Did Egyptians Make Sculptures? The Egyptians made sculptures to represent their gods and goddesses. They believed that the sculptures would bring the gods and goddesses closer to them and would help them to achieve eternal life.

What was the main purpose of statues in ancient Egypt quizlet? Statues served as both religious and political symbols in ancient Egypt. They were used to represent the gods, kings, and other important figures, and to communicate messages to the people.

Why did Egyptian artists make sculptures look? The Egyptians made sculptures look like people because they wanted to represent their gods and goddesses in a human form.

What did ancient Egyptian sculptures focus on? Ancient Egyptian sculptures were typically carved to depict religious scenes or to honor the pharaoh. Scenes of everyday life were not commonly depicted, and when they were, they were often done in a highly stylized manner.


Frequently Asked Questions

What Did Egyptian Sculptors Make?

Egyptian sculptors carved reliefs and statues from stone, wood, and other materials. They often depicted gods, goddesses, and Pharaohs in their art.

What Was The Purpose Of Egyptian Statues?

Statues were meant to represent deities, kings, and members of the royal family.

What Was The Purpose Of Most Of The Egyptian Art That We Find?

The purpose of most of the Egyptian art that we find was to serve as a religious or funerary object.

When Were Ancient Egyptian Sculptures Made?

Most Egyptian sculptures were made during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods, between 3000 BC and 1000 BC.

What Were Egyptian Sculptures For?

Most Egyptian sculptures were used for religious purposes, such as to depict gods and goddesses, or to serve as amulets and talismans.

How Did Egyptians Create Sculptures?

The Egyptians carved sculptures out of stone, typically limestone. They would use simple tools, like chisels and hammers, to carve the sculptures.

When Did Egyptian Art Start?

The art of ancient Egypt dates back to around 3100 BC. It is considered one of the most significant and enduring forms of art in world history.

What Is The Purpose Of Egyptian Painting?

The purpose of Egyptian painting is to depict scenes from life and tell stories.

What Is The Purpose Of The Ancient Egyptian Sculpture?

Ancient Egyptian sculpture was used to communicate religious messages and to commemorate important people and events.

What Was The Main Purpose Of Egyptian Art?

The main purpose of Egyptian art was to glorify the gods and goddesses.


The ancient Egyptians carved sculptures out of stone to serve as religious icons and objects of worship. They believed that the statues could bring them closer to the gods and help them achieve eternal life.

How Did Egyptians Build Statues?

How Did Egyptians Build Statues? The ancient Egyptians built statues by carving them from blocks of stone. They used simple tools, such as chisels and hammers, to cut and shape the stone.

How were the Egyptians able to build pyramids and temples? The Egyptians were able to build pyramids and temples by using slave labor.

What did Egyptians make their statues out of? The ancient Egyptians carved statues out of wood, stone, and metal.

How did Egyptians build their structures? The ancient Egyptians built their structures by using a variety of methods, including quarries, ramps, and sledges.


Frequently Asked Questions

How Was The Egyptian Architecture Built?

The ancient Egyptians built their architecture in a way that would protect them from the hot weather and floods. They built their homes and temples out of mudbrick, which would stay cool in the summer and not be damaged by the floods.

How Were Egyptian Houses Built?

The houses in ancient Egypt were built out of mud brick, straw, and wood. The bricks were made out of a mixture of mud, straw, and water, and then sun-dried.

How Did The Egyptian People Build Their Houses?

The Egyptian people built their houses out of mud bricks.

What Were Egyptian Sculptures For?

The ancient Egyptians produced many sculptures, mostly for religious purposes. Some of the most famous sculptures are the colossal statues of Ramesses II, the Great Sphinx of Giza, and the busts of Nefertiti and Akhenaten.

How Did Egyptians Build Sculptures?

Egyptian sculptures were carved from stone, which was quarried near the site of the sculpture. The stone was then brought to the sculptor, who would carve the sculpture using simple tools such as hammers and chisels.

When Were Ancient Egyptian Sculptures Made?

There is no one definitive answer to this question. Some ancient Egyptian sculptures may have been made as early as the 4th millennium BC, while others may have been created as late as the 1st century AD.

How Did The Egyptians Built Their Temples And Monuments?

The ancient Egyptians built their temples and monuments by first creating a foundation of large stones. They then used smaller stones to build up the walls and shape the monument. The Egyptians would often decorate their temples and monuments with hieroglyphics and carvings of animals or people.


The Egyptians built statues to honor their gods and kings. Most statues were carved from limestone or granite, which was then painted.

What Materials Did Ancient Egyptian Sculptors Use? Simple Answer

What Materials Did Ancient Egyptian Sculptors Use? Sculptors in ancient Egypt used a variety of materials, depending on the intended purpose of the sculpture. For larger pieces, such as statues or sarcophagi, they used carved stone. For smaller pieces, such as figurines or jewelry, they used metal (usually copper or bronze), wood, or faience (a type of glazed ceramic).

What tools did Egyptian artists use? The tools that Egyptian artists used were very different from what we use today. They used things like chisels, hammers, and saws to carve and shape their sculptures.

What tools did ancient artists use? Ancients artists used a variety of tools, depending on the type of art they were producing. For example, they might use chisels and hammers to carve stone, brushes and ink for calligraphy, or a needle and thread for embroidery.

What did Egyptians use as tools? The Egyptians used a variety of tools made from stone, wood, and metal.


Frequently Asked Questions

What Materials Did Ancient Egypt Use For Art?

The ancient Egyptians used a variety of materials to create their art, including stone, wood, metal, and paint.

What Did Egyptians Use For Their Art?

The Egyptians used a wide range of materials for their art, including stone, wood, metal, ivory, and faience.

What Materials Were Used In Ancient Art?

Stone, wood, and bronze were the most commonly used materials in ancient art.

What Are The Material Used In Ancient Art?

There is no definitive answer to this question as ancient art is a vast and varied category that encompasses a wide range of objects and materials. However, some of the most commonly used materials in ancient art include stone, metal, wood, ivory, and glass. Each material had its own unique properties and advantages that artists often used to create specific effects or communicate certain messages.

What Were The 5 Most Common Materials Used In Egyptian Sculpture?

The 5 most common materials used in Egyptian sculpture were wood, limestone, sandstone, bronze, and gold.

How Did They Make Sculptures In Ancient Egypt?

Ancient Egyptians carved sculptures from stone, wood, and other materials. They used simple tools, such as chisels, knives, and saws.

Did The Egyptians Have Steel Tools?

There is no evidence that the ancient Egyptians had steel tools.

What Tool Did The Egyptian Use?

The Egyptians used a variety of tools, including stone tools for scraping and chiseling, copper tools for cutting and gouging, and bronze tools for heavy work.


Most ancient Egyptian sculptors probably used a variety of materials, including wood, stone, clay, and metal.

What Did The Canopic Jars Look Like? Our Answer

What Did The Canopic Jars Look Like? The canopic jars were used by ancient Egyptians to store the organs of the deceased. Each jar had a specific function: one for the liver, one for the lungs, one for the stomach, and one for the intestines. The jars were decorated with scenes from the lives of the gods and were often made of precious materials such as gold or silver.

What is each canopic jar called and what do they have in them? Canopic jars are used to store organs removed from a deceased person during the mummification process. Each jar is named for one of the four sons of Horus, who protected the organs. The jars contain various items, including: -Imsety: liver -Hapy: lungs -Duamutef: stomach -Qebehsenuef: intestines

What canopic jar held the stomach? The stomach was one of the organs removed during the mummification process. It was placed in a canopic jar along with the lungs, liver, and intestines.

What are the 4 types of canopic jars? There are 4 types of canopic jars: 1. Jars with human heads 2. Jars with animal heads 3. Jars with combination of human and animal heads 4. Jars without heads


Frequently Asked Questions

What Were The Four 4 Heads Tops Of The Canopic Jars?

The four heads tops of the canopic jars were meant to protect the organs of the deceased. Each head represented one of the four sons of Horus: Imsety, Hapy, Duamutef, and Qebehsenuef.

What Are Canopic Jars And What Are They Used For?

Canopic jars are used to store the internal organs of the deceased. They are typically carved from limestone or pottery and decorated with hieroglyphs or images of the four sons of Horus.

Which Canopic Jars Held Which Organs?

There were four canopic jars, each with a specific organ: the lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines.

What Are The Names Of The Canopic Jars?

There are four canopic jars in total, each with its own unique name. They are: Imsety, Hapy, Duamutef, and Qebehsenuef.

What Went In Each Canopic Jar?

Canopic jars were used by the ancient Egyptians to store the internal organs of the deceased. Each jar represented one of the four sons of Horus, who were charged with guarding the organs. The organs that were stored in the jars included the liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines.

What Was In Each Canopic Jar?

There were four canopic jars, each containing a different organ of the deceased. The liver was in the first jar, the lungs in the second, the stomach in the third, and the intestines in the fourth.

Which Canopic Jar Holds Which Organ?

There are four canopic jars which represent the four sons of Horus. The jars hold the organs of the mummy: the lungs, stomach, liver, and intestines.

What Are Canopic Jars Ks2?

Canopic jars were used in Ancient Egypt to store the internal organs of the deceased. They were made of materials such as pottery, wood, or metal.

What Colours Were The Canopic Jars?

The four canopic jars used by the ancient Egyptians to store the viscera of their pharaohs were decorated with the colours yellow, green, blue, and red.

What Are The 4 Canopic Jars?

The four canopic jars are containers used to hold the organs of the deceased. They are: the stomach, intestines, liver, and lungs.


The canopic jars were four small pottery jars that each had a lid in the shape of a head. Each jar represented one of the four sons of Horus, who protected the internal organs of the pharaoh after death.

What Products Are Made From Ceramics?

What Products Are Made From Ceramics? Ceramic products can include dishes, tiles, cookware, and other household items. They are made by shaping clay and firing it in a kiln at high temperatures. The resulting product is hard, durable, and often decorative.

What is the most used ceramic material? The most common ceramic material used is porcelain.

What are ceramics? Ceramics are materials that are made from clay and other minerals, which are fired at high temperatures to create a hard, durable material. Ceramics can be used to make a variety of objects, including dishes, tiles, and pottery.

What are the most common ceramics? The most common ceramics are made from clays that are fired in a kiln at high temperatures. They are strong, durable, and heat resistant.


Frequently Asked Questions

What Are The Three Basic Components Of Ceramics?

The three basic components of ceramics are: the clay, the body, and the glaze. The clay is the material that is used to make the pottery. The body is the ceramic that is fired in the kiln and becomes the pottery. The glaze is the coating on top of the pottery that makes it shine and become waterproof.

What Material Is Used For Ceramic?

Ceramic is a material made from clay and other materials, such as glass or sand. It is fired in a kiln at high temperatures to make it hard and durable.

What Are 6 Different Types Of Ceramics?

The six types of ceramics are: earthenware, stoneware, porcelain, bone china, creamware, and faience.

What Are 5 Products Made From Ceramics?

Pottery, tableware, bathroom fixtures, tile, and porcelain are all products made from ceramics.

What Are The 4 Types Of Ceramics?

1. The 4 types of ceramics are: earthenware, stoneware, porcelain, and bone china. 2. Earthenware is the most basic type of ceramic and is made from clays that contain iron. It is the most porous type of ceramic and is used for making everyday objects such as pottery and dishes. 3. Stoneware is made from clays that contain little or no iron. It is less porous than earthenware and is used for making objects that need to be strong, such as crockery and tiles. 4. Porcelain is made from clays that contain a high proportion of kaolin. It is the most vitre

What Are The Four Ceramic Processes?

The four ceramic processes are shaping, forming, drying, and firing.

What Are The 3 Types Of Ceramics?

The three types of ceramics are: 1. Porcelain – A very hard, white clay that is fired at high temperatures. It is often used for dishes and other objects that need to be very strong and durable. 2. Stoneware – A type of pottery that is made from a clay that is fired at a lower temperature than porcelain. It is usually brown or gray in color and is very strong and durable. 3. Earthenware – A type of pottery that is made from a clay that is fired at a low temperature. It is usually red, yellow, or orange in color and not as strong as porcelain or stoneware.

What Are The 5 Uses Of Ceramics?

1. Ceramics are used to make pottery, including dishes, bowls, and other objects for use in the home. 2. Ceramics are also used to make tiles for floors and walls. 3. Ceramics can be used to create artworks, such as sculptures and paintings. 4. Ceramics are often used in engineering applications, such as in the manufacture of valves, pipes, and other components. 5. Finally, ceramics are also used in the production of pharmaceuticals and other medical devices.

What Are Ceramics Used For?

Ceramics are used in a wide range of applications, from dinnerware to construction materials. They have unique properties that make them well-suited for a variety of uses. For example, they are strong and durable, yet lightweight and heat-resistant.

What Are Ceramics Used In?

There are many different types of ceramics used in a variety of ways. Some common examples are ceramic tiles used for flooring or walls, ceramic dishes and cups, and ceramic pipes used for water or gas lines.

What Are Ceramics In Simple Words?

Ceramics are materials that are made from clay and other minerals, which are fired at high temperatures to produce a hard, durable material. They have many applications, including pottery, tiles, and engineering products.

What Things Are Made From Ceramics?

Ceramics are made from a type of clay that is fired at a high temperature. This makes the clay hard and brittle. Ceramics can be used to make dishes, cups, tiles, and other objects.


Ceramic products are made from clay, which is a type of earth. The properties of the clay are changed by adding different materials, including water, sand, and other minerals. This creates different types of ceramic products, such as pottery, bricks, and tiles.

What Was Roman Pottery Used For? Our Answer

What Was Roman Pottery Used For? The pottery was used for a variety of purposes, including cooking, storage, and serving. It was also used for decorative purposes, such as in mosaics.

Did the Romans glaze pottery? The Romans did not generally glaze their pottery, but there are a few exceptions. Glaze is a vitreous coating that is applied to pottery to make it glossy and impervious to liquids. It is made by mixing a glass-forming material, such as lead or potash, with water and other ingredients.

What are Roman pots used for? Most roman pots were used for cooking, serving food, and holding liquids. They were often decorative as well, with intricate patterns or designs on the outside.

Did Romans glaze pottery? The Romans did glaze pottery, but it is not clear how common this was. Glazed pottery is pottery that has been covered in a layer of glass, which makes it more durable and easier to clean.


Frequently Asked Questions

How Did The Romans Fire Their Pottery?

The Romans used furnaces to fire their pottery. The furnaces were very hot and the pottery was placed inside. The pottery was then fired and became very hard.

How Did The Romans Glaze Pottery?

The Romans used a variety of techniques to glaze pottery. The most common was a lead-based glaze, which was applied to the pottery in two or three coats.

How Can You Tell If A Pottery Is Roman?

There are a few ways to tell if a pottery is Roman. One way is to look at the decoration on the pottery. Roman pottery usually has very intricate designs, while other pottery styles from the same time period are less elaborate. Another way to tell if a pottery is Roman is to look at the shape of the vessel. Roman pottery tends to be more symmetrical and have more refined shapes than other pottery styles from the same time period.

What Was The Pottery In Rome Used For?

Pottery in Rome was used for various purposes, including cooking, storage, and as drinking vessels.

What Was Ancient Pottery Used For?

Primarily, ancient pottery was used for food storage and consumption. It was also used for other purposes, such as religious ceremonies or to hold oils or other liquids.

How Old Are Roman Pots?

Most Roman pots are around 2,000 years old.

Who Used Roman Coil Pots?

The coil pots were used by the Romans.

What Was Roman Pottery Used For?

The primary use for Roman pottery was for the storage and transport of food and other goods. It was also used for cooking and for serving food.

Why Did Ancient Romans Make Pottery?

The pottery was made to be used as containers, dishes, and other objects.

What Is Roman Pottery Called?

The pottery of ancient Rome is called Samian Ware.


Roman pottery was used for a variety of purposes, including cooking, storage, and serving food. It was also used to make pots, pans, and other household items.

What Were Clay Pots Used For In Ancient Egypt?

What Were Clay Pots Used For In Ancient Egypt? Clay pots were used for a variety of purposes in ancient Egypt, including cooking, storage, and even as burial urns. They were made from local clay deposits and were often decorated with simple designs or hieroglyphs.

When was clay first used and what for? The first known use of clay was in around 10,000 BC, when it was used to make pottery.

Where was clay originally found? Clay was found near the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in what is now Iraq.

What did the ancient Egyptians use clay for? The ancient Egyptians used clay for a variety of purposes, including pottery, bricks, and figurines.


Frequently Asked Questions

When Was Clay First Used For Sculpting?

Clay has been used for sculpting since prehistoric times. Cave paintings and carvings from around 10,000 BC show that people were using clay to create artworks.

When Was Clay First Used Art?

The history of clay as an artistic medium is difficult to trace because it is thought that pottery and other clay objects were first made by accident. Nevertheless, the use of clay for art can be traced back thousands of years. One of the earliest examples of clay art comes from the Jōmon period in Japan, which dates back to around 10,500 BC.

What Has Clay Been Used For Over Time?

Clay has been used for pottery, bricks, and other objects since early civilizations.

What Was Ancient Egyptian Pottery Called?

The ancient Egyptians called their pottery wares kheper. This word means “to come into being” or “to become.”

Where Is Clay For Pottery Found?

Clay for pottery is found all over the world.

What Did Ancient People Use Clay For?

Ancient people used clay for a variety of purposes, including pottery, bricks, and figurines.


Clay pots were used for a variety of purposes in ancient Egypt, including cooking, storage, and as vessels for liquids and other objects. Clay pots were also often used in burials as part of the mummification process.

How Much Is A Kiln For Clay? Quick Answer

How Much Is A Kiln For Clay? A kiln for clay can range in price from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars, depending on the size and features of the kiln.

How much does it cost a pottery kiln? A pottery kiln can range in price from around $200 to $2,000 or more. The price will depend on the size, features, and quality of the kiln.

How much does a good kiln cost? A good kiln can cost anywhere from $1,000 to $10,000, depending on the size and features of the kiln.

Can you pay to use a kiln? Yes, you can pay to use a kiln. Fees vary depending on the kiln’s size and usage, but most kilns charge by the hour.


Frequently Asked Questions

How Much Is It To Use A Kiln?

It costs about $10 an hour to use a kiln.

How Long Does Clay Have To Be Fired?

The firing process of clay involves heating the material to a high temperature in a kiln. The length of time that the clay needs to be fired will depend on the type of kiln, the temperature and the type of clay. Generally, clays need to be fired for a minimum of two hours.

How Much Does It Cost To Fire Clay?

The cost of firing clay depends on the kiln, the amount of fuel used, and the size of the load. Generally, it costs around $0.05 per cubic inch to fire clay in a small kiln.

Which Kiln Is Best?

There are many different types of kilns, so it really depends on what you are looking for in a kiln. Some people might prefer a electric kiln because they are portable and easy to use. Gas kilns are popular because they heat up quickly and can reach very high temperatures, making them ideal for ceramics.

How Much Is Kiln Fire Pottery?

Kiln fire pottery can cost anywhere from a few dollars for a small, simple piece to hundreds or even thousands of dollars for a large, intricate work of art. The price depends on the artist’s skill, the level of detail in the piece, and how much time was spent on it.

Can I Use A Kiln At Home?

A kiln is a device used to heat materials to a very high temperature. In ceramics, this is used to change the material’s shape, texture, or color. Kilns can be expensive and require a lot of space, so they are not typically found in the home. However, there are small tabletop kilns that can be used for hobbyists or small businesses.

At What Stage Must Clay Be At In Order To Be Fired?

Clay is at a stage where it can be fired when it is completely dry.

How Much Does It Cost To Fire Pottery?

The cost of firing pottery in a kiln generally depends on the quantity of pieces being fired, the size of the pieces, and the type of kiln. Electric kilns are typically less expensive to fire than gas kilns, and smaller pieces generally cost less to fire than larger pieces.


A kiln for clay can range in price from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars, depending on the size and features of the kiln.